Better known as simply Mary, Queen of Scots, Mary was crowned queen before she was even a year old in 1542. At an extremely young age she was betrothed to Edward, Henry VIII's only son, but by the time she reached five years of age the Scots had decided to avoid such an arrangement with England and sent Mary to France with the intent of having her marry Francis, the four-year-old Dauphin who was heir to the French throne.
In 1558 she married Francis and was considered to be the most beautiful princess in Europe. During that year, Queen Mary I of England passed away and Henry II of France encouraged his daughter-in-law to assume the royal arms of England. It was widely believed that Mary Stuart was the next in line for the English throne. This did not sit well with Elizabeth I, the daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn, who was crowned Queen of England after her half-sister's death.
The following year, Mary and her husband were crowned King and Queen of France upon the death of Henry II, although their royal happiness was short-lived. Mary's mother and husband both died shortly afterwards, and Mary returned to rule over Scotland. A fair queen, Mary was loved by the common people but loathed by the nobles.
In 1565 she married Henry Stuart, a royal cousin, whom she wed in matrimony but did not name as King. He would later become jealous of her power and attempt to kill her. They did produce an heir, James VI of Scotland. This was also unsettling to Elizabeth I, who was unwed and without an heir.
In 1586 the final showdown between Mary Stuart and Elizabeth I would take place as Mary was brought to trial for plotting to kill the Queen of England and assume the throne. The trial was simply a formality, the verdict having been decided well before the proceedings, and Mary was found guilty and sentenced to death. She was beheaded on February 8, 1587. Her small dog was found hidden in the fabric of the deceased Queen's gown immediately after her execution.
ABOUT THE DOLL
Mary Stuart is a reworked vinyl doll that stands 18" tall and carries her severed head in her right hand. History has provided us with a well-detailed account of Mary's execution and the doll is dressed according to the description of her final outfit.
Mary wears a bright silk blouse made of dupioni silk and a red velvet petticoat beneath a long gown of plush black velvet adorned with lace at the neckline. A long string of acrylic pearls with an ornate sterling silver cross dangles from her waist. Her hair is graying and cut short, and a cream silk cloth with lace trim sits on her head as was used to blind her from the executioner's axe.
The neck stump and beneath the chin both reveal the terribly crushed spinal column and awkward cut of the two axe blows needed to decapitate her. Blood, bone, and muscle tissue is visible from both wounds. Her eyes are clouded over in a death-stare.